Upper Newport Bay Ecological Restoration Implementation

Status Completed County Orange
Project Type Non-mitigation Location 33.64247° N, -117.88396° W Map
Project Area (Acres) 1,000 Last Updated 13 April 2022
Project Abstract Project enacted plans to deepen sediment basins in upper bay up to -20 ft below mean sea level by dredging channels to promote tidal circulation and limit predator access to sensitive areas, expanding mudflat habitat in several locations to compensate for mudflats lost to dredging, and creating wetlands and California Least Tern nesting islands.
Project Groups Southern California Wetlands Recovery Project
Administrative Region Southern California Wetland Recovery Project - Katie Nichols, State Coastal Conservancy

Project Identification

01-075-02 SCC - Project Number (Restoration)

Habitat Plan

Site NamePhaseActivitySubActivitiesHabitatSubHabitatAcresActivity StatusWater Regime
Upper Newport Bay None Enhancement Sediment Management Estuarine Wetland Emergent Saline to Brackish Marsh 1,000 Completed Fully tidal

Related Habitat Impacts

Impact Project NameHabitatAcres LostType of Loss
No Data


Upper Newport Bay Completed 1,000


DateTypeDescriptionSite Name
2016-03-15 Project end date
2010-10-27 Groundwork end


Contact Susan Brodeur Orange County Resources & Development Management Department


No Data

Related CRAM Assessments

Visit DateVersionSite NameWetland TypeIndex Score
2021-08-27 6.1 NWC21-CA-10038-Upper Newport Bay estuarine perennial saline 58
2015-12-29 6.1 AA1 riverine non-confined 39
2012-09-11 6.0 Upper Newport Bay estuarine perennial saline 85
2007-07-27 4.6 Upper Newport Bay estuarine perennial saline 79
2007-07-27 4.6 Upper Newport Bay estuarine perennial saline 91
2005-09-01 3.55 Upper Newport estuarine perennial saline 88
Name File Type Submitted On Submitted By
City of Newport Beach Project Page Other 2018-03-02 SCC, SCC
Southern California Wetland Recovery Project Factsheet Other 2018-03-02 SCC, SCC

How to Use the Habitat Development Curve

Habitat Development Curves (HDCs) are used to determine the developmental status and trajectory of on-the-ground projects to create, restore, or enhance California wetland and stream habitats. Each HDC is based on assessments of habitat condition for different age areas of one habitat type that in aggregate represent the full spectrum of habitat development. The assessments of condition are provided by expert applications of the California Rapid Assessment Method (CRAM). Visit the CRAM website for more information about CRAM.

For each HDC, reference condition is represented by areas of a habitat that consistently get very high CRAM scores, have not been subject to disruptive management practices, and exist within landscapes that are protected and managed for their natural conditions. The horizontal lines intersecting the top of an HDC represent the mean CRAM score and standard deviation of scores for 25 qualifying reference areas.

The age of a project is estimated as the elapsed time in years between the groundwork end date for the project and the date of the CRAM assessment. To add or update a groundwork end date, use the Project Events form in Project Tracker (ptrack.ecoatlas.org). The minimum age in years of a non-project area, including any natural reference area, is estimated from all available local information, including historical maps and imagery, historical written accounts, and place-specific scientific studies of habitat development.

An HDC can be used to address the following questions:

  1. At what time in the future will the area of assessed habitat achieve the reference condition or other milestones in habitat development? The HDC can answer this question if the CRAM score for the assessed area is within the confidence interval of the HDC. The answer is the time in years along the HDC between the current age of the assessed area and the future date corresponding to the intersection of the HDC and the reference condition or other milestone.
  2. Is the area of assessed habitat likely to develop faster, slower, or at the same pace as most other areas of the same habitat type? The habitat area is likely to develop faster, slower, or at the same pace if the CRAM score for the area is above, below, or within the confidence interval of the HDC, respectively.
  3. What can be done to improve the condition of the habitat area or to increase its rate of development? HDCs by themselves cannot answer this question. Possible answers can be inferred by the following analysis that involves HDCs:
    1. Examine the HDC for each of the four CRAM Attributes;
    2. Identify the Attribute(s) scoring below the HDC;
    3. For any low-scoring Attribute, examine the component Metric Scores (note: the Metric Scores for any public CRAM assessment in the CRAM database can be obtained through EcoAtlas);
    4. Assume the low score of an Attribute is due to its low-scoring Metric(s);
    5. Consider modifying the design or management of the habitat area in ways that will sustainably increase its score(s) for the low-scoring Metric(s).

For more information about CRAM Attributes and Metrics, including their scientific rationale, see the CRAM Manual.

Display Habitat Development Curves For Wetland Type:

CRAM Site Scores