Green Island Unit (Napa Plant Site Restoration)

Status Completed County Napa
Project Type Non-mitigation Location 38.20933° N, -122.29685° W Map
Project Area (Acres) 1,460 Last Updated 12 October 2018
Project Abstract This project restored and enhanced large areas of tidal marsh, seasonal wetlands, and transitional habitats at a former processing facility for Cargill's North Bay salt production.
Project Groups South Bay Salt Ponds | South Bay Salt Ponds: Acquisition

Project Identification

8-04 BCDC - Record Number
483 JV - Record Number
02-28-CO275 SWRCB - 401 Certification Letter (e.g., Site Number or WDID)
R2-2007-05 SWRCB - Waste Discharge Requirement

Habitat Plan

ActivityHabitatSubHabitatAcresActivity StatusWater Regime
Restoration Bay Habitat (SFBJV Only) Tidal marsh 1,460 Completed Managed tidal

Related Habitat Impacts

HabitatAcres LostType of Loss
No Data


Napa Plant Site - Central Unit Completed 175.0
Napa Plant Site - North Unit Completed 205.0
Napa Plant Site - South Unit Completed 1,080


DateTypeDescriptionSite Name
2011-01-01 Project end date
2010-08-25 Levee breach
2008-10-13 Levee breach
2008-05-03 Other Complete permit process (Ponds W-1, W-2, and W-3)
2008-05-02 Other Complete permit process (Ponds 9 and 10)
2008-05-01 Other Start design for Crystallizer Beds 1 - 9, Ponds B-1, B-2, and B-3, and Unit 3
2007-07-11 Permit RWQCB WDR permit issued
2005-01-01 Project start date


Contact Renee Spenst Ducks Unlimited, Inc. Not applicable/Unknown
Contact Karen Taylor California Department of Fish and Wildlife Not applicable/Unknown
Contact Larry Wyckoff California Department of Fish and Wildlife Not applicable/Unknown


Restoration NOAA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act $8,457,087
Restoration WCB Wildlife Conservation Board $4,000,000
Restoration Resources Legacy Fund $1,765,470

Related CRAM Assessments

Visit DateVersionSite NameWetland TypeIndex Score
No Data

Performance Criteria

StatusDetailsEvaluation Date
Original criteria Refer to project documents available at Plant.html 2009-02-26
Upload files or links
Name File Type Submitted On Submitted By
Project Description on SBSP website Other 2017-12-07 Sandra Scoggin, SFBJV

How to Use the Habitat Development Curve

Habitat Development Curves (HDCs) are used to determine the developmental status and trajectory of on-the-ground projects to create, restore, or enhance California wetland and stream habitats. Each HDC is based on assessments of habitat condition for different age areas of one habitat type that in aggregate represent the full spectrum of habitat development. The assessments of condition are provided by expert applications of the California Rapid Assessment Method (CRAM). Visit the CRAM website for more information about CRAM.

For each HDC, reference condition is represented by areas of a habitat that consistently get very high CRAM scores, have not been subject to disruptive management practices, and exist within landscapes that are protected and managed for their natural conditions. The horizontal lines intersecting the top of an HDC represent the mean CRAM score and standard deviation of scores for 25 qualifying reference areas.

The age of a project is estimated as the elapsed time in years between the groundwork end date for the project and the date of the CRAM assessment. To add or update a groundwork end date, use the Project Events form in Project Tracker ( The minimum age in years of a non-project area, including any natural reference area, is estimated from all available local information, including historical maps and imagery, historical written accounts, and place-specific scientific studies of habitat development.

An HDC can be used to address the following questions:

  1. At what time in the future will the area of assessed habitat achieve the reference condition or other milestones in habitat development? The HDC can answer this question if the CRAM score for the assessed area is within the confidence interval of the HDC. The answer is the time in years along the HDC between the current age of the assessed area and the future date corresponding to the intersection of the HDC and the reference condition or other milestone.
  2. Is the area of assessed habitat likely to develop faster, slower, or at the same pace as most other areas of the same habitat type? The habitat area is likely to develop faster, slower, or at the same pace if the CRAM score for the area is above, below, or within the confidence interval of the HDC, respectively.
  3. What can be done to improve the condition of the habitat area or to increase its rate of development? HDCs by themselves cannot answer this question. Possible answers can be inferred by the following analysis that involves HDCs:
    1. Examine the HDC for each of the four CRAM Attributes;
    2. Identify the Attribute(s) scoring below the HDC;
    3. For any low-scoring Attribute, examine the component Metric Scores (note: the Metric Scores for any public CRAM assessment in the CRAM database can be obtained through EcoAtlas);
    4. Assume the low score of an Attribute is due to its low-scoring Metric(s);
    5. Consider modifying the design or management of the habitat area in ways that will sustainably increase its score(s) for the low-scoring Metric(s).

For more information about CRAM Attributes and Metrics, including their scientific rationale, see the CRAM Manual.

Display Habitat Development Curves For Wetland Type:

CRAM Site Scores