Santa Rosa Plain Pennyroyal Mint Control

Status In-progress County Sonoma
Project Type Non-mitigation Location 38.43143° N, -122.77660° W Map
Project Area (Acres) < 0.1 Last Updated 4 March 2017

Project Identification

727 JV - Record Number

Habitat Plan

ActivityHabitatSubHabitatAcresActivity StatusWater Regime
Enhancement Vernal pools and swales None < 0.1 In-progress/Implementation

Related Habitat Impacts

HabitatAcres LostType of Loss
No Data


Santa Rosa Plain Pennyroyal Mint Control In-progress/Implementation < 0.1


DateTypeDescriptionSite Name
2012-03-01 Project start date


Contact Hattie Brown Laguna de Santa Rosa Foundation Not applicable/Unknown


No Data

Related CRAM Assessments

Visit DateVersionSite NameWetland TypeIndex Score
No Data

Performance Criteria

StatusDetailsEvaluation Date
No Data

Project Description

Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium) directly competes in vernal pools with three endemic endangered plant species. Pennyroyal threatens endangered plant survival and seed set in infested pools and will significantly decrease the potential for long-term recovery of Sonoma sunshine (Blennosperma bakeri), Sebastopol meadowfoam (Limnanthes vinculans), and Burke's goldfields (Lasthenia burkei). During range-wide habitat surveys conducted in 2008 (C. Sloop,, Pennyroyal was found in 30% of extant pools containing Burke's goldfields, 29% of pools with Sonoma sunshine, and 52% of pools habitat to Sebastopol meadowfoam throughout the Santa Rosa Plain, Sonoma County, California. Failure to eradicate or control Pennyroyal invading natural or created pools on private lands, State-owned preserves, and mitigation banks specifically created for plant conservation in this unique vernal pool region will result in a significant loss of biodiversity, and will endanger the success of recovery goals for which vast amounts of resources were spent in recent decades. We will use a combination of hand-pulling and/or spraying to control Pennyroyal in high value vernal pools in the Santa Rosa Plain.
Upload files or links

No files found.

How to Use the Habitat Development Curve

Habitat Development Curves (HDCs) are used to determine the developmental status and trajectory of on-the-ground projects to create, restore, or enhance California wetland and stream habitats. Each HDC is based on assessments of habitat condition for different age areas of one habitat type that in aggregate represent the full spectrum of habitat development. The assessments of condition are provided by expert applications of the California Rapid Assessment Method (CRAM). Visit the CRAM website for more information about CRAM.

For each HDC, reference condition is represented by areas of a habitat that consistently get very high CRAM scores, have not been subject to disruptive management practices, and exist within landscapes that are protected and managed for their natural conditions. The horizontal lines intersecting the top of an HDC represent the mean CRAM score and standard deviation of scores for 25 qualifying reference areas.

The age of a project is estimated as the elapsed time in years between the groundwork end date for the project and the date of the CRAM assessment. To add or update a groundwork end date, use the Project Events form in Project Tracker ( The minimum age in years of a non-project area, including any natural reference area, is estimated from all available local information, including historical maps and imagery, historical written accounts, and place-specific scientific studies of habitat development.

An HDC can be used to address the following questions:

  1. At what time in the future will the area of assessed habitat achieve the reference condition or other milestones in habitat development? The HDC can answer this question if the CRAM score for the assessed area is within the confidence interval of the HDC. The answer is the time in years along the HDC between the current age of the assessed area and the future date corresponding to the intersection of the HDC and the reference condition or other milestone.
  2. Is the area of assessed habitat likely to develop faster, slower, or at the same pace as most other areas of the same habitat type? The habitat area is likely to develop faster, slower, or at the same pace if the CRAM score for the area is above, below, or within the confidence interval of the HDC, respectively.
  3. What can be done to improve the condition of the habitat area or to increase its rate of development? HDCs by themselves cannot answer this question. Possible answers can be inferred by the following analysis that involves HDCs:
    1. Examine the HDC for each of the four CRAM Attributes;
    2. Identify the Attribute(s) scoring below the HDC;
    3. For any low-scoring Attribute, examine the component Metric Scores (note: the Metric Scores for any public CRAM assessment in the CRAM database can be obtained through EcoAtlas);
    4. Assume the low score of an Attribute is due to its low-scoring Metric(s);
    5. Consider modifying the design or management of the habitat area in ways that will sustainably increase its score(s) for the low-scoring Metric(s).

For more information about CRAM Attributes and Metrics, including their scientific rationale, see the CRAM Manual.

Display Habitat Development Curves For Wetland Type:

CRAM Site Scores