Montezuma Wetlands Restoration Project

Status In-progress County Solano
Project Type Non-mitigation Location 38.09541° N, -121.87327° W Map
Project Area (Acres) 1,122 Last Updated 22 December 2022
Project Abstract This 4-stage project will restore about 1,820 acres of tidal wetlands, seasonal wetlands, intertidal ponds, vernal pools, and upland buffer zone habitats through the engineered placement of about 20 million cubic yards of agency-approved dredged sediment to raise the subsided site to elevations appropriate for intertidal marsh.
Project Groups San Francisco Bay Adaptation | San Francisco Bay Restoration Authority (Eligible) | San Francisco Bay Restoration Authority (Funded)
Administrative Region San Francisco Bay Joint Venture - Sandra Scoggin, SFBJV

Project Identification

IDType
RA-001 SFBRA - Project ID
02-48-D0005 SWRCB - 401 Certification Letter (e.g., Site Number or WDID)
201051 SWRCB - CIWQS Place Number
194050 USACE - DA File Number

Habitat Plan

Site NamePhaseActivitySubActivitiesHabitatSubHabitatAcresActivity StatusWater Regime
Montezuma Avoided Seasonal Wetlands and Vernal Pools Implementation Acquisition/Preservation/Protection Vernal pools and swales None 1.40 Completed
Montezuma Created Vernal Pools Implementation Creation/Establishment Vernal pools and swales None 3.78 Completed Unknown/Unspecified
Montezuma Preserved Vernal Pools Implementation Acquisition/Preservation/Protection Vernal pools and swales None 3.80 Completed
Montezuma Restoration Phase I Implementation Restoration/Rehabilitation Bay Habitat (SFBJV Only) Tidal marsh 566.0 Completed Fully tidal
Montezuma Restoration Phase I Implementation Restoration (unspecified) Buffer area None 2.40 Completed
Montezuma Restoration Phase I Implementation Restoration/Rehabilitation Seasonal Wetland Unknown/Unspecified 45.00 Completed
Montezuma Restoration Phase I Implementation Restoration/Rehabilitation Subtidal Habitat Soft substrate 30.00 Completed
Montezuma Restoration Phase I Implementation Enhancement Upland Grassland 220.0 Completed Seasonal non-tidal
Montezuma Restoration Phase II Implementation Enhancement Upland Grassland 142.0 Implementation in-progress Seasonal non-tidal
Montezuma Restoration Phase III Implementation Enhancement Upland Grassland 108.0 Implementation in-progress Seasonal non-tidal

Related Habitat Impacts

HabitatAcres LostType of Loss
No Data

Sites

NameStatusAcres
Montezuma Avoided Seasonal Wetlands and Vernal Pools Completed 1.40
Montezuma Created Vernal Pools Completed 3.78
Montezuma Preserved Vernal Pools Completed 3.80
Montezuma Restoration Phase I Completed 863.4
Montezuma Restoration Phase II In-progress/Implementation 142.0
Montezuma Restoration Phase III In-progress/Implementation 108.0

Events

DateTypeDescriptionSite Name
2020-10-27 Levee breach Phase 1 Breach
2020-10-27 Levee breach Montezuma Restoration Phase I
2013-09-16 Update CIWQS Number added, Water Board staff updated
2006-06-01 Project entered Project entered into database
2003-11-01 Groundwork start Implementation began with placement of dredged sediment in the Phase 1 project area.
2001-09-24 Project start date Estimated date
2001-09-24 Permit USACE permit issued

People

TypeNameOrganizationDepartment
Contact Jim Levine Montezuma Wetlands, LLC Not applicable/Unknown
Contact Doug Lipton Lipton Environmental Group, LLC Not applicable/Unknown
Contact Cassie Pinnell Vollmar Natural Lands Consulting Not applicable/Unknown

Funding

PhaseActivityFunderAmount
Implementation Enhancement SFBRA San Francisco Bay Restoration Authtority - Measure AA
Implementation Restoration (unspecified) SFBRA San Francisco Bay Restoration Authtority - Measure AA
Implementation Restoration/Rehabilitation SFBRA San Francisco Bay Restoration Authtority - Measure AA $1,610,000

Related CRAM Assessments

Visit DateVersionSite NameWetland TypeIndex Score
2021-04-15 6.2 3 Montezuma Wetlands vernal pool system 65
2016-05-13 6.1 Montezuma Created Pools vernal pool system 77
2016-05-13 6.1 Montezuma Natural Pools vernal pool system 86
2016-05-13 6.2 Montezuma Wetlands Natural Pools vernal pool system 88
2016-05-13 6.2 Montezuma Created Pools vernal pool system 75
2011-05-18 5.0.2 Montezuma Preserve Pools vernal pool system 82
2011-05-18 6.2 Montezuma Preserve Pools vernal pool system 89

Performance Measures

Plan NamePlan GoalPerformance MeasureMeasure ValueStatusEvaluation Date
San Francisco Bay Restoration Authority Community Engagement Benefits economically disadvantaged communities in-progress/partially achieved
San Francisco Bay Restoration Authority Community Engagement Has significant youth involvement component in-progress/partially achieved
San Francisco Bay Restoration Authority Community Engagement Number of unique volunteers expected to participate measure achieved
San Francisco Bay Restoration Authority Community Engagement Number of volunteer hours expected to be contributed measure achieved
San Francisco Bay Restoration Authority Community Engagement Number of youth participants expected to be engaged measure achieved
San Francisco Bay Restoration Authority Flood Protection Miles of levee to be constructed
1 / 1 miles
100%
100%
in-progress/partially achieved
San Francisco Bay Restoration Authority Public Access Miles of Bay Trail to be constructed measure achieved
San Francisco Bay Restoration Authority Public Access Number of public access facilities to be constructed measure achieved
Name File Type Submitted On Submitted By
2006/2007 Biological Survey Report Monitoring Report 2010-09-22 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
2008/2009 Biological Survey Report Monitoring Report 2011-08-25 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
2010/2011 Biological Survey Report Monitoring Report 2013-05-03 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
2012 Sediment and Water Quality Report Appendices H and I Monitoring Report 2014-09-15 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
2012 Sediment and Water Quality Report text, tables, figures, appendices A-G Monitoring Report 2014-09-15 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
2012-2014 Biological Survey Report Monitoring Report 2015-06-16 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
2013-2014 Sediment and Water Quality Report Monitoring Report 2017-03-07 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
2015-2016 Sediment and Water Quality Report Monitoring Report 2019-01-17 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
2015-2017 Biological Survey Report Monitoring Report 2019-01-18 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
2015-2017 Report on Biological Surveys Monitoring Report 2020-04-21 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
2017-2018 Report on Sediment and Water Quality Monitoring Monitoring Report 2020-05-08 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
2018 Report on Biological Surveys Monitoring Report 2020-05-08 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Department of the Army Permit No. 19405N Plan Or Permit 2008-03-14 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
First Annual Report of the Technical Review Team Other 2004-06-10 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Habitat Types and Acreages from ACOE Permit #194050 Plan Or Permit 2005-10-28 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Map of planned restoration Plan Or Permit 2003-10-31 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Mitigation Monitoring and Reporting Plan (MMRP) Plan Or Permit 2010-11-19 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Montezuma Technical Review Team page Other 2011-10-26 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Montezuma Wetlands Project Other 2004-06-11 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Montezuma Wetlands Project Report on Sediment and Water Quality Monitoring - 2006/2007 Monitoring Report 2010-09-17 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Phase I Sediment Placement Other 2003-11-07 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Project Description Other 2003-10-31 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Project Maps from ACOE Permit #194050 Plan Or Permit 2005-10-28 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Project Site Map Other 2005-07-25 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
QAPP Revision 1 Plan Or Permit 2013-11-19 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Report on Sediment and Water Quality Monitoring - 2010/2011 Monitoring Report 2013-01-09 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Report on Sediment and Water-Quality Monitoring - 2008/2009 Monitoring Report 2011-02-09 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Second Annual Report of the Technical Review Team Other 2007-12-13 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Staff Recommendation Other 2019-05-08 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Staff Recommendation for Montezuma Wetlands Restoration Project Other 2020-11-18 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
Updated Waste Discharge Requirements Plan Or Permit 2013-09-22 Catie Thow, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture

How to Use the Habitat Development Curve

Habitat Development Curves (HDCs) are used to determine the developmental status and trajectory of on-the-ground projects to create, restore, or enhance California wetland and stream habitats. Each HDC is based on assessments of habitat condition for different age areas of one habitat type that in aggregate represent the full spectrum of habitat development. The assessments of condition are provided by expert applications of the California Rapid Assessment Method (CRAM). Visit the CRAM website for more information about CRAM.

For each HDC, reference condition is represented by areas of a habitat that consistently get very high CRAM scores, have not been subject to disruptive management practices, and exist within landscapes that are protected and managed for their natural conditions. The horizontal lines intersecting the top of an HDC represent the mean CRAM score and standard deviation of scores for 25 qualifying reference areas.

The age of a project is estimated as the elapsed time in years between the groundwork end date for the project and the date of the CRAM assessment. To add or update a groundwork end date, use the Project Events form in Project Tracker (ptrack.ecoatlas.org). The minimum age in years of a non-project area, including any natural reference area, is estimated from all available local information, including historical maps and imagery, historical written accounts, and place-specific scientific studies of habitat development.

An HDC can be used to address the following questions:

  1. At what time in the future will the area of assessed habitat achieve the reference condition or other milestones in habitat development? The HDC can answer this question if the CRAM score for the assessed area is within the confidence interval of the HDC. The answer is the time in years along the HDC between the current age of the assessed area and the future date corresponding to the intersection of the HDC and the reference condition or other milestone.
  2. Is the area of assessed habitat likely to develop faster, slower, or at the same pace as most other areas of the same habitat type? The habitat area is likely to develop faster, slower, or at the same pace if the CRAM score for the area is above, below, or within the confidence interval of the HDC, respectively.
  3. What can be done to improve the condition of the habitat area or to increase its rate of development? HDCs by themselves cannot answer this question. Possible answers can be inferred by the following analysis that involves HDCs:
    1. Examine the HDC for each of the four CRAM Attributes;
    2. Identify the Attribute(s) scoring below the HDC;
    3. For any low-scoring Attribute, examine the component Metric Scores (note: the Metric Scores for any public CRAM assessment in the CRAM database can be obtained through EcoAtlas);
    4. Assume the low score of an Attribute is due to its low-scoring Metric(s);
    5. Consider modifying the design or management of the habitat area in ways that will sustainably increase its score(s) for the low-scoring Metric(s).

For more information about CRAM Attributes and Metrics, including their scientific rationale, see the CRAM Manual.

Display Habitat Development Curves For Wetland Type:

CRAM Site Scores